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中国森林城市建设
2015-09-15 来源:国家林业局城市森林研究中心
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中国林科院院分党组书记叶智在第十四届世界林业大会城市森林边会上做报告

 

     众所周知,中国是个13亿人口大国,正处在快速城镇化阶段,城镇人口已达7.5亿。面对严峻的人口与环境形势,2004年,中国政府就把森林城市建设作为改善城市宜居环境、增进居民福祉的一项重要内容加以推进,取得了显著地社会成效,主要做法体现在三个方面:

     一是通过每年举办一届中国城市森林论坛,为市长、绿化管理者、建设者和研究专家提供分享建设经验的交流平台。

     二是每年为建设成效显著地城市授予“国家森林城市”称号,从而树立森林城市建设典范,示范带动中国森林城市建设快速发展。目前,中国333个地级城市中已有75个被授予“国家森林城市”称号。

     三是颁布“国家森林城市”建设标准体系,提出了45项具体指标。

     中国的城镇化还将经历一段快速发展的时期,预计未来30年还将有3亿多人口进入城市。只有积极发展城市森林,才能走出一跳绿色低碳的城镇化道路。在此,也欢迎大家到中国访问,让我们互相借鉴发展经验,建设更多更好的森林造福城市。

Abstract:
China, a large developing country with a population of 1.3 billion, boasts nearly 0.7 billion urban population, which has made the urbanization rate of 52%. Therefore, it is an inevitable choice to create low-carbon green cities and improve the human settlement of the cities for the wellbeing of the urban residents and development of science during the urbanization process in future. And the government of China attached great importance to the construction of urban forests in order to promote the urban forestry as a crucial development strategy. This report introduces the background, origin and history as well as the vision of the construction of the urban forest. Meanwhile, the practice activities and experience and achievements on "National Forest City" construction were presented in recent years Chinese.

Keywords: Theory, Practice, Urban Forestry, China